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Human-induced risks

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Terrorism is an increasingly complex risk to Europe. The EU constantly adopts measures to neutralise potential terror attacks.
nuclear and radiological accidents

Nuclear and radiological accidents

Nuclear and radiological incidents are cross-boundary, human induced risks that can only be contained if all safety and security measures are in place.

Cyber threats

Cyber-attacks to vital infrastructure can cause major disruption, financial losses, and in some cases, loss of life.

Disruption to critical infrastructure

Disruptions to critical infrastructure can affect the delivery of essential services. As critical infrastructures are complex interconnected systems, they are subject to a wide range of hazards and threats.

Industrial accidents

The growing use and application of chemicals means that industrial accidents will continue to happen, and may be exacerbated by risk drivers, such as climate change.